High frequency welding method uses a high frequency - usually 27,12 MHz – electromagnetic energy to excite the polar molecules of the dielectric materials placed between two welding electrodes, usually made of brass or aluminum. The electrodes are usually mounted in a pneumatic or hydraulic press to provide pressure for fusing the material, whereupon a high frequency voltage is connected to the plates. Every time the electric field changes, the dipole molecules of the polymer attempt to flip around to realign themselves to the new field orientation (orientation of dipoles is changing in the material twenty seven million times a second when follows reversing, HF electric field). As a result of the vibrating molecules is heating up to the melting (fusing) temperature. By bringing two layers of material into the HF field at the same time and pressing them together, the layers melt together (fuse) and form a strong welded joint.
The great advantage of HF welding is the speed of welding: the material is heated from the inside and fuses quickly, within few seconds.
In comparison with high frequency, in all other kinds of welding methods (with filaments, hot air or infrared radiation) the heat has to be added from the outside. It means the heat must first penetrate the material in order to make it plastic enough to form a weld. The main risk of this kind of treatment is burning the top layer of welded material.
In a high frequency field some materials generate more heat than others, and are therefore more suitable for HF welding. This has to do with the extent to which the molecules of the material allow themselves to vibrate as a result of the HF field. This is known as the loss factor of the material. The greater the loss factor of the material, the easier it is to weld the material using high frequency equipment. Particularly easy to weld are thermoplastics, such as PVC and PU; these materials are specifically welded using high-frequency welding machines. PE and other hard plastics are much more difficult to weld with HF method.
The quality of a seal is determined by three key factors:
- welding time
A proper adjustment of above parameters will result in the receiving a weld seam at least as strong or even stronger as the surrounding material.
Fast, one-step process
Stronger welds than with any other sealing technology
Water-proof, no light showing through
No wrinkles and puckers on the welded material
High quality welding process – the same every cycle
Possibility to automate the production
With SIEMENS touch panel in chosen language and unlimited storage of your welding 'recipes'
Due to the use of common spare parts, easily replaceable. This solution makes the service available and limits the downtime of the machine.
Quick electrode replacement through touch panel command
With advanced FIAB Security System - at design aspect. Declaration of conformity of the product to the essential requirements of the applicable CE marking directives – at workplace safety aspect.
Customized electrodes at affordable price
Due to energy-saving system and 'stand by' option
FIAB Sp. z o.o. Sp. k.
Pietrzykowice, ul. Fabryczna 20D
55-080 Kąty Wrocławskie